FGV’s Department of Public Policy Analysis (DAPP) and Open Knowledge Brasil (OKBR) launched the Brazilian editions of the Open Data Index (ODI) over the last two weeks. The index is used as a tool to assess and identify bottlenecks, steering public administration in the process of improving open data policies. Three indexes were developed for Brazil through the partnership between the two institutions: Open Data Index (ODI) – Brazil, at a national level, and ODI Sao Paulo and ODI Rio de Janeiro, at a municipal level. The latter two are part of a pioneering initiative, since they represent Brazil’s first regional ODIs, beyond the federal scope.
Launched on April 27, ODI Brazil ranked Brazil 8th worldwide, tied with the United States and Latvia, and leading its Latin American neighbors.
Nine criteria were used to analyze a total of 15 items related to subjects such as public spending, environment and legislation. The country reached a score of 64% in the overall balance, ranking it in eighth place worldwide, trailing behind the US. Brazil also leads the ranking among Latin American countries.
However, the overall score shows that there is still plenty of room for improvement. Only six (40%) of the index’s items received the highest score and were considered fully open: Public Budget, Election Results, National Maps, Socioeconomic Statistics, Current Laws, and Legislative Activity. On the other hand, no public dataset was found for any of the following three items surveyed: Locations, Water Quality and Land Ownership.
Launched two days before, ODI São Paulo showed similar results. The municipality reached a positive result in the overall balance, covering 75% of the total score. Within the index’s analysis scope, seven of the 18 datasets surveyed reached the highest score, indicating that 38% of the city’s datasets were considered fully open. On the other hand, the Land Ownership item received a score of 0% due to the lack of data available, and four other items were scored under 50% (Company Registration, Water Quality and Weather Forecast).
ODI Rio de Janeiro, launched on May 4, showed a slightly different performance. The city reached a high average score of 80%. However, the survey shows that only five items (Election Results, City Maps, Administrative Limits, Crime Statistics, and Public Schools) reached the individual score of 100%, and only 27% of the dataset was considered fully open. The incompleteness of the dataset appears six times, which indicates that certain pieces of information considered to be essential are unavailable. The issue of restricted access only appears in the Company Registration item. The Land Ownership item is also considered critical, considering that there is no data available to carry out the ODI assessment.
In summary, it is believed that such information can be useful to support an open data policy in the municipal and federal scopes, since it lays the ground to replicate good practices and address points of attention. An open data policy has countless benefits that include enhancing management efficiency, establishing a tool to demand results from public administration, promoting accountability and social control, engaging civil society in public management, and improving the image of the government, potentially establishing it as an international benchmark.
The full reports are available for download:
Veja mais sobre: open data