Research by FGV/DAPP shows that public employees linked to the municipal sphere have more than doubled in the last 16 years, a rate of growth that is much higher than at the state and federal levels. Between 1998 and 2014, the number of municipal employees rose from 1.85 million to 4.87 million, which indicates an increase in the responsibilities of municipalities regarding the provision of basic services, such as health, sanitation, and housing.
The research shows that there are now 24 public employees per thousand inhabitants in Brazil, compared with 15 state and 5.2 federal. These first conclusions are part of the Map of Brazilian Public Employment, a FGV/DAPP study which launches a new line of applied research: the Brazilian State. The new area has the aim of promoting transparency and improving the debate about public administration in the three spheres of power.
According to the director of FGV/DAPP, Marco Aurelio Ruediger, the aim is to propose a new public debate about the structure of government, not restricting the discussion to federal employees. “The increase in the weight of municipal public employment is a result of federative decentralization and the increase in social rights, both stipulated in the 1988 Constitution. Our study sought to re-discuss the federative pact, to avoid an imbalance that worsens even more the situation of municipalities, which direct impacts on citizens.”
The size of public employment
Despite the volume of municipal public hiring, the average annual income of these public employees was R$ 28,000 in 2014, inferior to those of state employees, who receive almost the double, R$ 54,100, and federal, who earn more than triple, R$85,000. Looked at per power, there is a significant difference between the remuneration of the Judiciary and the Legislature — annual averages of R$138,400 and R$128,400 — as against the R$68,900 per year received by Executive employees.
DAPP’s analysis also traced the current profile of public employees. According to the study, at present public employees in Brazil are mostly men (62%), aged between 30 and 50 (45%), with higher level education (52%), and at least four years in employment (30%).
See more results at: http://dapp.fgv.br/estado-brasileiro