DAPP Tools

Inequality on tracks and wheels: a study about access to the metro and the BRT in Rio

Residents of Vila Paciência, in the West Zone, use 64% of their income on the integrated transport, compared to less than 4% for those living in Ipanema

9 months ago by Miguel Orrillo, Bárbara Barbosa, Janaina de Mendonça Fernandes

Estação de metrô Uruguai, na Tijuca, Zona Norte do Rio (Tomaz Silva/Agência Brasil)

Is living close to high capacity transport a guarantee of access to circulation in the city? To answer the question, the present study analyzed the impact of metro and BRT fares in the city of Rio de Janeiro on the per capita income of residents.

The survey took into account the income of people who are in the so-called primary zone of stations, in other words, living in a radius of up to 800 meters from each station. The distance is based on the time that people are willing to walk to access the so-called high capacity transport.

The focus of the analysis below is egalitarian access to public spaces, to cultural goods, to the collective and social use of the city, as well as employment and income opportunities. It is known that access to high capacity transport is a facilitator of this circulation, which is reinforced by the time spent travelling in the large Brazilian metropoles.