FGV’s Department of Public Policy Analysis (DAPP) has released the report titled ‘Public policies for sustainable development’, outlining a multidimensional mosaic of the social situation in Brazil, starting with the challenges posed by the Millennium Development Goals Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals, both set by the United Nations. The report is part of a virtual exhibit called ‘Innovation and Digital Governance’ from the National School of Public Administration (Enap), featuring materials containing proposals and configurations for digital governance in the public sector, under the goal of promoting innovation.
The study breaks down general trends in the country from 1990 to 2015, interpreting shifts in the economic situation and the main policies, programs, and legal milestones in place. The report focuses on the evolution of poverty, food insecurity and inequality, access to basic education, behavior of mother and child mortality, the gender differential trend, and urban service levels and aggression to the environment,
The analysis highlighted positive and negative points in each of these areas. Poverty, for instance, dropped from 31% to 7% of the population between 1992 and 2014. In 2015, it reached 8.3% of the population due to the economic scenario. Another breakthrough was the achievement of the target to reduce the ratio of people without access to drinking water by half, which fell from 30% of households to less than 15% in 2015.
In addition, 98% of children and teens were at school in 2015, but the outlook for children between the ages of 15 and 17 is more disturbing: school enrollment stayed below 85% for more than a decade, which confirms a constant need for investments and planning in education.
Within Brazil’s troubling political and institutional scenario nowadays, documents such as this provide the basic tools to promote positive technical and political debate among public administrators and policymakers, media and society in general regarding the path to be followed by the country in the coming years. Through the systematization of technical and scientific knowledge and the assessment of national and international experiences in this field, DAPP hopes to contribute to the development of public policies and programs to achieve integrated economic growth, social development, and environmental sustainability.