Seven in every ten reports of aggression in the Rio de Janeiro health system are made by female victims. This is the conclusion of new research by the FGV Department of Public Policy Analysis (FGV/DAPP) which analyzed data from the State Secretariat of Health for the period between January 2013 and June 2016. According to this research, health units reported almost 30,000 cases of violence against women, the majority the victims of boyfriends, husbands, or former partners.
Despite this expressive figure, the cases notified by hospitals, clinics, and emergency units are inferior to what is reported in police stations. According to the Institute of Public Security (ISP), between 2013 and 2015 253,500 cases of aggression were reported against both sexes, which suggested that there is underreporting in the case of the health system.
The study, which has the aim of helping public authorities take preventive, educational, and victim support measures, shows that 81.5% of cases reported were of beatings. Moreover, the majority had no declared reason (89%), but when this information is given, the principal cause was sexism (24.6%), followed by generational conflict (13.7%), the situation on the street (3.6%). In 5% of cases, the victim was pregnant.
Another point which calls attention is the concentration of notifications in the metropolitan region of the state. Rio de Janeiro and Duque de Caxias, the two cities with the highest populations in the state, also had the highest number of cases between 2013 and 2016, followed by municipalities from the Baixada and the North of the state.
Moreover, there is a geographic concentration of municipalities without any incidences reported in the three and a half years analyzed in the North and Center of the state, such as Trajano de Moraes, Carmo, and Cantagalo. This non-existence of reports could indicate the absence of specialized hospital units to care for victims of physical violence who end up not reporting the crime, or the victims could have been sent to units in other municipalities.
In relation to the profile of the victims who look for help in health units, the study highlights the fact that 30.6% of them are between 20 and 29 years of age. In relation to the racial profile, 31.4% declared themselves mixed, 29.8% white and 14.1% black.
See more results of the research below: